Cultivating cannabis in small spaces
Many growers do not have a classical farming space at home. They often have to pull their hair out to be able to grow in an unusual space or corner of their home. However, these spaces will allow to obtain crops, although reduced but of excellent quality, thanks to the use of different types of lighting such as low consumption lamps, Leds, HPS panels, etc.
We can use, for example, a space under stairs, under a desk, in a built-in wardrobe … We will have to adapt this space to the cultivation of cannabis for self-production. We will also need to take into account and control all environmental factors, including humidity, temperature, air renewal, etc., before starting the crop.
Selection of cannabis plants to be cultivated
Type of plant: Sativa, Indica, hybrids with sativa / indica trends, auto marijuana …
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In order to choose the type of genetics we will cultivate, we will have to take into account the dimensions of our cultivation space and our experience as a farmer.
If we grow in a space with little height and we do not have a ventilated reflector type Cooltube, we should avoid cultivating Sativa plants. In fact, the points of the plants are likely to reach the bulb and as we will not be able to mount the bulb, the tips will not burn and will not mature properly. If we have a glazed reflector, the temperatures of the bulb on the plants will be smaller and we will be able to bring the plants closer, which will allow us to enjoy a few centimeters more which we will not have without this glazed reflector.
In case of low height, it will be better to cultivate plants more indica than sativa, or automatic as those present in the photos. The interest of growing indica plants is found in their compact, more compact growth; Which does not mean that they will be less productive but more compact; With the same weight for the same culture space. Even though we can also opt for a sativa plant culture using different growing techniques in order to control the height of the plant.
If we have a cabinet for the cultivation of cannabis we will have less constraint of space, which will allow us to choose any variety to be cultivated.
Which culture technique to use for a marijuana mini culture?
Once the variety is chosen according to the conditions of cultivation, we will have to decide the method of cultivation. Currently, there are a large number of cultivation techniques, although only 2 or 3 are most commonly used for indoor cannabis cultivation.
Conventional cultivation with 12 to 16 plants per m 2 is suitable for growers who do not want to spend too much time on plants and want a well-managed crop from the beginning.
It will be necessary to place 12 plants, making two repotages without applying size, no tying, at best one size of the lower branches and an individual tutor to support the weight of the heads.
The more indica plants possess a stretch that will make them more or less double the size of growth to bloom. It will be easy to know the final size that the plants will have after two weeks of flowering.
We must therefore take into account the height of the cultivation space to calculate the maximum size that the plants can reach to avoid complications during the cultivation.
Here is a simple example:
We have a space of 1m2 with a height of 1m50 without Cooltube and 12 plants with 400w of lighting. The 400w HPS bulb emits heat to which plants should not be exposed. We will therefore have to leave a safe distance so that they do not burn with the thermal irradiation. A classic distance would be 40cm for a 400w bulb.
Taking into account the space of the ceiling and the bulb of plus or minus 40cm minus the 40 cm distance between the bulb and the plants, we have, 40 + 40 = 80cm / 150-80 = 70 cm height remaining.
In the remaining 70 cm we can cultivate, taking into account the size of the pots that will be more or less 20 to 25 cm high according to their capacity.
We will therefore have more or less 60 cm real to cultivate our cannabis plants. With this space we will be able to cultivate as we said indica plants or indica / sativa cannabis hybrids to keep a compact size and enjoy the best production in these 60cm, always maintaining the highest quality Of cannabis.